Not everyone can access the single-phase power with a 3-phase air compressor, many fail and they recommend not going with it. But it’s not the right approach, you can ace it with few steps. Meanwhile, if you live in the US, I can feel you, my friend.
Living in the US, you only get access to single-phase power and that’s where people give up on 3-phase air compressors. A three-phase compressor generates power for air-attached tools like cutters and nail guns in the storage tank.
Concerning the performance, the demand has increased which led to questions about wiring it. Today, in this guide we will learn how to wire a 3-phase air compressor. But before getting into it, we will go through the 3-phase wiring system and some essentials. So, without any further due, let’s start with the guide.
How to wire a 3-phase air compressor?
Many major businesses utilize a three-phase air compressor because it is dependable and long-lasting. In comparison to single-phase air compressors, it also provides a number of other benefits. A three-phase air compressor and a single-phase air compressor work on the same mechanism but differ in voltage.
A three-phase air compressor works best for heavy load working, especially in industries and factories where they typically use three-phase power. But in homes, single-phase power supply is available and to work with 3-phase, you have to make connections.
Things you need for a 3-phase air compressor
Here is a condition, if you are putting up a 3-phase air compressor but only have the access to a single-phase motor, you can also work with it. But you will need few things to do so. It includes the following:
The motor of the compressor & Electrical panel
These two have their own respective functioning that’s why they get the highlight in 3-phase air compressors. The compressor motor always comes labeled that says whether it is a single-phase or 3-phase compressor.
Meanwhile, an electrical panel also comes with a specific working mechanism, whether it is 3-phase or single-phased. You can’t use the same one for both settings. Now, how to find this? Let me tell you if the label says 120 by 240V, it means that it is single-phase power.
Wiring a 3-phase air compressor
You can’t start the process just by connecting the 3-phase system to the single phase. You are required to do some pre-work for making the connection to the single-phase power. For that, go through the following convertors to know about them:
1. Static convertors:
A static works with the help of my compressor to supply capacitors. These capacitors then after charging start the compressor by giving the required power. Following the discharge of the load on the capacitors, the inverter uses two single-phase electrical cables to keep the motor running at two-thirds of its maximum capacity.
2. Rotary phase converter:
A rotary converter is another way to convert a three-phase into a single phase. It converts 120/240V with effective performance. The most popular converter is the rotary phase converter. When just one phase source is available, they can provide the machinery with three-phase electricity and are dependable.
3. Variable frequency:
A variable frequency drive converts a single-phase input into three phases of power using straightforward technology. You may adjust the frequency of these units, which generate dependable three-phase power, to increase or decrease the output of your compressor motor.
Guide to wire a 3-phase air compressor
The guide to wire a 3-phase air compressor is very basic but you will be required to have prior knowledge about what we have discussed above. If you directly jumped to this section, make sure to read from the start for better understanding. Apart from that, let’s begin:
A nameplate for each engine, typically on the sides or rear of the engine, is one of the essential needs for 3-phase air compressor wiring. The label’s specifics indicate the intensity of the electric and motor demands.
Talking about the electrical demands, the service must have a 240 to 450V phase for the working. Then, just like electric engines, an electrical service panel should have a nameplate installed, either inside the front or mounted to the cover.
First thing first, make sure you turn off the motor before making the wiring.
Identify the wires that are present in the wire box, they all must be labeled by colors and their respective numbers through which it gets easy to identify.
Now, check the nameplates for wiring and make sure the motor is wired for the correct voltage before connecting it.
Use wire nuts that are the exact fit for the number of circuits being joined together and the conductors that are used to create all wiring connections.
In the last step, to flip the direction of the motor, switch any two-line connections. For instance, the motor will reverse direction if supply lines T1 and T2 are moved from T1 to T2, respectively. This way you will be able to complete the process.
The main benefit of a three-phase air compressor is longevity, but there are other benefits as well. As with single-phase control, the motor doesn’t require to be turned on and off because of the constant moving power given to it. This ensures that the system remains in a stable condition and prolongs the life of the engine.
So, having a 3-phase air compressor is quite beneficiary and above we have talked about how to wire a 3-phase air compressor and some other things too in great detail!